What Happens in the First Part of the Legislative Session?
This is the first installment in a 3-part series about the major happenings in the upcoming Legislative Session pursuant to the California Constitution and relevant statutes. Part I is focused on the first part of the Legislative Session. Part II focuses on the middle part of the session, and Part III looks at the last two months of the Session. There are essentially three major parts to the legislative session: house of origin; second house; and, final month and gubernatorial action. Obviously, there are key subparts in these three major parts, but the Legislative Session can be viewed in this way. In the first part, there is also the significant subpart of bill introductions. This first installment is on the house of origin part.
During the first part of the first year of a two-year Session, legislators await their committee assignments, consider proposals for authoring bills and, for the new Members, they have dozens of “meet-and-greet” appointments in which they meet their colleagues, constituents and lobbyists. This usually occurs in January and most of February.
During the first part of the second year of a two-year Session, legislators must deal with “two-year bills,” those measures that remain from the prior year that must pass their house of origin by January 31. They are also introducing new bills prior to the late February deadline.
By March, the budget subcommittees and policy committees begin hearing bills and budget proposals. After policy committees hear and vote on bills, the vast majority of measures are considered by the fiscal committee (which we call the Appropriations Committee). Once bills pass the fiscal committee, they head to the respective floor for final consideration in their house of origin.
The Assembly Chief Clerk and the Senate Secretary prepared the following calendar for the 2022 Session with the corresponding authority (found in the Joint Rules – JR) for these dates
Jan. 3 Legislature reconvenes (J.R. 51(a)(4)).
Jan. 10 Budget must be submitted by Governor (Art. IV, Sec. 12(a)).
Jan. 14 Last day for policy committees to hear and report to fiscal committees fiscal bills introduced in their house in the odd-numbered year (J.R. 61(b)(1)).
Jan. 21 Last day for any committee to hear and report to the floor bills introduced in that house in the odd-numbered year. (J.R. 61(b)(2)).
Jan. 21 Last day to submit bill requests to the Office of Legislative Counsel.
Jan. 31 Last day for each house to pass bills introduced in that house in the odd numbered year (J.R. 61(b)(3)) (Art. IV, Sec. 10(c)).
Feb. 18 Last day for bills to be introduced (J.R. 61(b)(4), J.R. 54(a)).
Apr. 7 Spring Recess begins upon adjournment (J.R. 51(b)(1)).
Apr. 18 Legislature reconvenes from Spring Recess (J.R. 51(b)(1)).
Apr. 29 Last day for policy committees to hear and report to fiscal committees fiscal bills introduced in their house (J.R. 61(b)(5))
May 6 Last day for policy committees to hear and report to the floor nonfiscal bills introduced in their house (J.R. 61(b)(6)).
May 13 Last day for policy committees to meet prior to May 31 (J.R. 61(b)(7)).
May 20 Last day for fiscal committees to hear and report to the floor bills introduced in their house (J.R.61 (b)(8)). Last day for fiscal committees to meet prior to May 31 (J.R. 61 (b)(9)).
May 23 – 27 Floor session only. No committee may meet for any purpose except for Rules Committee, bills referred pursuant to Assembly Rule 77.2, and Conference Committees (J.R. 61(b)(10)).
May 27 Last day for each house to pass bills introduced in that house (J.R. 61(b)(11)).
Constitutional and Statutory Requirements
The Legislature must convene its regular session at noon on the first Monday in December of every even-numbered year and they must undertake their organization that day (e.g., election of officers) (Article IV, Section 3).
The constitutional officers take office on the Monday after January 1 following their election, which is Monday, January 7, 2019 for those elected in the November 2018 general election (Article V, Section 2).
The Governor must report to the Legislature each year on the condition of the state. This is called the “State of the State” address. The Governor may, but is not required to, make recommendations to the Legislature at that time (Article V, Section 3).
Within the first 10 days of each year, the Governor must submit to the Legislature a budget for the forthcoming fiscal year (which begins July 1). This is why the Governor’s first budget proposal is called the Governor’s “January 10 Budget.” The budget must include an explanatory message, as well as itemized statements for expenditures and estimated revenues. The Governor may require a state agency or employee to furnish whatever information he or she deems necessary to prepare the budget. The budget bill must be introduced immediately in each house by the budget committee chairs of the Senate and Assembly. The Legislature must pass the budget by midnight on June 15 (Article V, Section 12).
The budget submitted by the Governor to the Legislature within the first 10 days of each session must contain a statement of accounts payable for the prior fiscal year and for the current fiscal year, as well as the succeeding fiscal year (Government Code Section 12020).
The budget submitted by the Governor to the Legislature within the first 10 days of each session must contain a statement of cash flow for the prior fiscal year and for the current fiscal year, as well as the succeeding fiscal year (Government Code Section 12021).
When each regular session convenes, the President pro tempore of the Senate, the Speaker of the Assembly and the two minority leaders must report to their houses the goals and objectives of that house during that session (Article V, Section 22).
No bill, other than the budget bill, may be heard or acted upon by a committee or either house until it has been in print for 30 days after introduction. Either house can dispense with this rule by a ¾ majority vote of that house. A bill cannot be passed unless it has been read by its title on 3 days in each house. But this rule can also be dispensed with by a 2/3 majority vote of the house’s members (Article IV, Section 8).
Chris Micheli serves as an Advisor to Abstract. He is an attorney and registered lobbyist with the Sacramento governmental relations firm of Aprea & Micheli, Inc. He also is an Adjunct Professor at McGeorge School of Law in their Capital Lawyering Program.